Experiences from conception to age six have the most important influence of any time in the life

Hongwei Gui

Graduate Student

  • Program: Master of Arts In Interdisciplinary Studies Program

A DISCRETE-TIME SURVIVAL ANALYSIS OF PARENTING EFFECTS ON YOUTH SMOKING TRANSITIONS IN CANADA

ABSTRACT

hongweiIn spite of numerous anti-smoking policies and programs, youth smoking is a major concern in Canada. Family environment, self-esteem, and stress are all implicated as risk factors for youth smoking. As an important part of youths' family environment, parenting likely plays a role in youth smoking behaviors. Parenting may be a source of self-esteem or stress in youth. Several well-known behavioral theories, including Social Learning Theory, Problem Behavior Theory, Planned Behavior Theory, Reasoned Action Theory, and Theory of Triadic Influences may be used to explain youth smoking. However, the relationship between parenting and youth smoking has not been well studied in Canada or elsewhere. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between parenting (i.e. positive disciplinary parenting, warm and nurturing parenting, and firm and consistent parenting) and smoking variables (i.e. smoking onset and daily smoking initiation) for Canadian youth. Data from National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (NLSCY) are examined using Discrete-Time Survival Analysis Method. Results from this study will help to identify the role of parenting in youth smoking transitions. Findings of this study will be of interest to concerned parents and to intervention program planners and policy makers interested in reducing smoking among Canadian youth.