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Smoker's Study

Support intervention for low income women smokers

Summary of the Project

The purpose of this research is to (1) assess the support needs and support intervention preferences of low income women who engage in smoking behaviour; and (2) design and test the impact of a comprehensive support intervention that reflects the support needs of low-income women smokers, the individual and systemic factors influencing their smoking behaviour, and their preferred form of intervention. This project, funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, makes efforts to address a variety of health determinants (e.g. social support, income, social environments, gender, personal health practices) affecting a vulnerable population (e.g. low income women).

Phase I of the study involves conducting focus groups of low-income women in Edmonton, Vancouver, and Winnipeg to determine perceived support needs, support programs and services accessed, and gaps in supports/services using a semi-structured interview guide. We will also seek input regarding the preferred format (structured, semi-structured), mode (e.g. face-to-face), and level (e.g. dyad, group) of support intervention to guide the design and development of the Phase II intervention.

Phase II is a pilot RCT of a support intervention for low income women smokers using both qualitative and quantitative methods. Phase II will involve (1) Design and implementation of the pilot intervention, and (2) resource provision to non-traditional support agencies (e.g., women’s centres) to launch support intervention on site.

Members of the Team

Principal Investigators:

  • Miriam Stewart
    Social Support Research Program
    University of Alberta
  • Lorraine Greaves
    Department of Sociology, Director
    BC Centre of Excellence in Women’s Health (UBC)


  • Nicole Letourneau
    Faculty of Nursing,
    CRISP University of New Brunswick
  • Kaysi Kushner
    Faculty of Nursing
    University of Alberta
  • Denise Spitzer
    Department of Women’s Studies
    University of Ottawa
  • Madeline Boscoe
    Executive Director
    Canadian Women's Health Network